Below are the definitions of the words that J.N.
Darby replaced with "intelligence" in his John Darby Version.|
I have emphasized the
part of each definition that especially fits the biblical use of the words cited
in this chart. John
Darby repeatedly used the word, "intelligence" to
replace moral attributes that God gives to those who belong to him:
understanding, wisdom, and judgment.
1. Properly, having
knowledge; hence, having the power of discerning and judging correctly,
or of discriminating between what is true and what is
false; between what is fit and proper, and what is
improper; as a wise prince; a wise magistrate. Solomon was deemed the
wisest man. But a man may be speculatively and not practically wise.
(noun) 1. The right use or exercise of knowledge;
the choice of laudable ends, and of the best means to accomplish them. This is
wisdom in act, effect, or practice. If wisdom is to be
considered as a faculty of the mind, it is the faculty of discerning or judging
what is most just, proper and useful, and if it is to be considered as an
acquirement, it is the knowledge and use of what is
best, most just, most proper, most conducive to prosperity or happiness.
Wisdom in the first sense, or practical wisdom, is nearly synonymous with
discretion. It differs somewhat from prudence, in this respect; prudence is the
exercise of sound judgment in avoiding evils; wisdom is
the exercise of sound judgment either in avoiding evils or attempting good.
Prudence then is a species, of which wisdom is the genus.
The faculty of the human mind by which it apprehends the real state of things
presented to it, or by which it receives or comprehends the ideas which
others express and intend to communicate. The understanding is called also the
intellectual faculty. It is the faculty by means of which we obtain a great part
of our knowledge. Luke 24. Eph. 1.
By understanding I mean that faculty whereby we
are enabled to apprehend the objects of knowledge, generals or particulars,
absent or present, and to judge of their truth or
falsehood, good or evil.
Void of understanding or sound judgment; weak
in intellect; applied to general character.
Unwise; imprudent; acting without judgment or
discretion in particular things.
Proceeding from folly, or marked with folly; silly;
(noun) The act of judging;
the act or process of the mind in comparing its ideas,
to find their agreement or disagreement, and to
ascertain truth; or the process of examining facts and arguments, to
ascertain propriety and justice; or the process of examining the relations
between one proposition and another.
1. The faculty of the mind by which man is
enabled to compare ideas and ascertain the relations of terms and propositions;
as a man of clear judgment or sound judgment. The judgment may be biased by
prejudice. Judgment supplies the want of certain knowledge
Definitions are from the Webster's 1828
Dictionary. For further study, consult this dictionary for the complete
definition of each word.
Darby's "Intelligence" Replaced God-given Wisdom &